The entities on this page can be used as a reference when you want to use "special" characters on a web-site.

The following entities where taken from the HTML 4.0 Spec on 28 Jan 2004. Those that display as a small empty vertical rectangle (or do not display at all) are not supported by your browser/platform.

If you find the character range below too limiting, you will probably need to use Unicode.

By NameBy CodeDescription
Entity NameDisplayed asEntity CodeDisplayed as
    no-break space = non-breaking space, U+00A0 ISOnum
¡¡¡¡inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1 ISOnum
¢¢¢¢cent sign, U+00A2 ISOnum
££££pound sign, U+00A3 ISOnum
¤¤¤¤currency sign, U+00A4 ISOnum
¥¥¥¥yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5 ISOnum
¦¦¦¦broken bar = broken vertical bar, U+00A6 ISOnum
§§§§section sign, U+00A7 ISOnum
¨¨¨¨diaeresis = spacing diaeresis, U+00A8 ISOdia
©©©©copyright sign, U+00A9 ISOnum
ªªªªfeminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA ISOnum
««««left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet, U+00AB ISOnum
¬¬¬¬not sign, U+00AC ISOnum
­­­­soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen, U+00AD ISOnum
®®®®registered sign = registered trade mark sign, U+00AE ISOnum
¯¯¯¯macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar, U+00AF ISOdia
°°°°degree sign, U+00B0 ISOnum
±±±±plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign, U+00B1 ISOnum
²²²²superscript two = superscript digit two = squared, U+00B2 ISOnum
³³³³superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed, U+00B3 ISOnum
´´´´acute accent = spacing acute, U+00B4 ISOdia
µµµµmicro sign, U+00B5 ISOnum
¶¶pilcrow sign = paragraph sign, U+00B6 ISOnum
····middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot, U+00B7 ISOnum
¸¸¸¸cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8 ISOdia
¹¹¹¹superscript one = superscript digit one, U+00B9 ISOnum
ººººmasculine ordinal indicator, U+00BA ISOnum
»»»»right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet, U+00BB ISOnum
¼¼¼¼vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter, U+00BC ISOnum
½½½½vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half, U+00BD ISOnum
¾¾¾¾vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters, U+00BE ISOnum
¿¿¿¿inverted question mark = turned question mark, U+00BF ISOnum
ÀÀÀÀlatin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave, U+00C0 ISOlat1
ÁÁÁÁlatin capital letter A with acute, U+00C1 ISOlat1
ÂÂÂÂlatin capital letter A with circumflex, U+00C2 ISOlat1
ÃÃÃÃlatin capital letter A with tilde, U+00C3 ISOlat1
ÄÄÄÄlatin capital letter A with diaeresis, U+00C4 ISOlat1
ÅÅÅÅlatin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring, U+00C5 ISOlat1
ÆÆÆÆlatin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE, U+00C6 ISOlat1
ÇÇÇÇlatin capital letter C with cedilla, U+00C7 ISOlat1
ÈÈÈÈlatin capital letter E with grave, U+00C8 ISOlat1
ÉÉÉÉlatin capital letter E with acute, U+00C9 ISOlat1
ÊÊÊÊlatin capital letter E with circumflex, U+00CA ISOlat1
ËËËËlatin capital letter E with diaeresis, U+00CB ISOlat1
ÌÌÌÌlatin capital letter I with grave, U+00CC ISOlat1
ÍÍÍÍlatin capital letter I with acute, U+00CD ISOlat1
ÎÎÎÎlatin capital letter I with circumflex, U+00CE ISOlat1
ÏÏÏÏlatin capital letter I with diaeresis, U+00CF ISOlat1
ÐÐÐÐlatin capital letter ETH, U+00D0 ISOlat1
ÑÑÑÑlatin capital letter N with tilde, U+00D1 ISOlat1
ÒÒÒÒlatin capital letter O with grave, U+00D2 ISOlat1
ÓÓÓÓlatin capital letter O with acute, U+00D3 ISOlat1
ÔÔÔÔlatin capital letter O with circumflex, U+00D4 ISOlat1
ÕÕÕÕlatin capital letter O with tilde, U+00D5 ISOlat1
ÖÖÖÖlatin capital letter O with diaeresis, U+00D6 ISOlat1
××××multiplication sign, U+00D7 ISOnum
ØØØØlatin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash, U+00D8 ISOlat1
ÙÙÙÙlatin capital letter U with grave, U+00D9 ISOlat1
ÚÚÚÚlatin capital letter U with acute, U+00DA ISOlat1
ÛÛÛÛlatin capital letter U with circumflex, U+00DB ISOlat1
ÜÜÜÜlatin capital letter U with diaeresis, U+00DC ISOlat1
ÝÝÝÝlatin capital letter Y with acute, U+00DD ISOlat1
ÞÞÞÞlatin capital letter THORN, U+00DE ISOlat1
ßßßßlatin small letter sharp s = ess-zed, U+00DF ISOlat1
ààààlatin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave, U+00E0 ISOlat1
áááálatin small letter a with acute, U+00E1 ISOlat1
ââââlatin small letter a with circumflex, U+00E2 ISOlat1
ããããlatin small letter a with tilde, U+00E3 ISOlat1
äääälatin small letter a with diaeresis, U+00E4 ISOlat1
åååålatin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring, U+00E5 ISOlat1
æææælatin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae, U+00E6 ISOlat1
ççççlatin small letter c with cedilla, U+00E7 ISOlat1
èèèèlatin small letter e with grave, U+00E8 ISOlat1
éééélatin small letter e with acute, U+00E9 ISOlat1
êêêêlatin small letter e with circumflex, U+00EA ISOlat1
ëëëëlatin small letter e with diaeresis, U+00EB ISOlat1
ììììlatin small letter i with grave, U+00EC ISOlat1
íííílatin small letter i with acute, U+00ED ISOlat1
îîîîlatin small letter i with circumflex, U+00EE ISOlat1
ïïïïlatin small letter i with diaeresis, U+00EF ISOlat1
ððððlatin small letter eth, U+00F0 ISOlat1
ññññlatin small letter n with tilde, U+00F1 ISOlat1
òòòòlatin small letter o with grave, U+00F2 ISOlat1
óóóólatin small letter o with acute, U+00F3 ISOlat1
ôôôôlatin small letter o with circumflex, U+00F4 ISOlat1
õõõõlatin small letter o with tilde, U+00F5 ISOlat1
öööölatin small letter o with diaeresis, U+00F6 ISOlat1
÷÷÷÷division sign, U+00F7 ISOnum
øøøølatin small letter o with stroke, = latin small letter o slash, U+00F8 ISOlat1
ùùùùlatin small letter u with grave, U+00F9 ISOlat1
úúúúlatin small letter u with acute, U+00FA ISOlat1
ûûûûlatin small letter u with circumflex, U+00FB ISOlat1
üüüülatin small letter u with diaeresis, U+00FC ISOlat1
ýýýýlatin small letter y with acute, U+00FD ISOlat1
þþþþlatin small letter thorn, U+00FE ISOlat1
ÿÿÿÿlatin small letter y with diaeresis, U+00FF ISOlat1
Mathematical, Greek and Symbolic characters for HTML
Latin Extended-B
ƒƒƒƒlatin small f with hook = function = florin, U+0192 ISOtech
ΑΑΑΑgreek capital letter alpha, U+0391
ΒΒΒΒgreek capital letter beta, U+0392
ΓΓΓΓgreek capital letter gamma, U+0393 ISOgrk3
ΔΔΔΔgreek capital letter delta, U+0394 ISOgrk3
ΕΕΕΕgreek capital letter epsilon, U+0395
ΖΖΖΖgreek capital letter zeta, U+0396
ΗΗΗΗgreek capital letter eta, U+0397
ΘΘΘΘgreek capital letter theta, U+0398 ISOgrk3
ΙΙΙΙgreek capital letter iota, U+0399
ΚΚΚΚgreek capital letter kappa, U+039A
ΛΛΛΛgreek capital letter lambda, U+039B ISOgrk3
ΜΜΜΜgreek capital letter mu, U+039C
ΝΝΝΝgreek capital letter nu, U+039D
ΞΞΞΞgreek capital letter xi, U+039E ISOgrk3
ΟΟΟΟgreek capital letter omicron, U+039F
ΠΠΠΠgreek capital letter pi, U+03A0 ISOgrk3
ΡΡΡΡgreek capital letter rho, U+03A1
there is no Sigmaf, and no U+03A2 character either
ΣΣΣΣgreek capital letter sigma, U+03A3 ISOgrk3
ΤΤΤΤgreek capital letter tau, U+03A4
ΥΥΥΥgreek capital letter upsilon, U+03A5 ISOgrk3
ΦΦΦΦgreek capital letter phi, U+03A6 ISOgrk3
ΧΧΧΧgreek capital letter chi, U+03A7
ΨΨΨΨgreek capital letter psi, U+03A8 ISOgrk3
ΩΩΩΩgreek capital letter omega, U+03A9 ISOgrk3
ααααgreek small letter alpha, U+03B1 ISOgrk3
ββββgreek small letter beta, U+03B2 ISOgrk3
γγγγgreek small letter gamma, U+03B3 ISOgrk3
δδδδgreek small letter delta, U+03B4 ISOgrk3
εεεεgreek small letter epsilon, U+03B5 ISOgrk3
ζζζζgreek small letter zeta, U+03B6 ISOgrk3
ηηηηgreek small letter eta, U+03B7 ISOgrk3
θθθθgreek small letter theta, U+03B8 ISOgrk3
ιιιιgreek small letter iota, U+03B9 ISOgrk3
κκκκgreek small letter kappa, U+03BA ISOgrk3
λλλλgreek small letter lambda, U+03BB ISOgrk3
μμμμgreek small letter mu, U+03BC ISOgrk3
ννννgreek small letter nu, U+03BD ISOgrk3
ξξξξgreek small letter xi, U+03BE ISOgrk3
οοοοgreek small letter omicron, U+03BF NEW
ππππgreek small letter pi, U+03C0 ISOgrk3
ρρρρgreek small letter rho, U+03C1 ISOgrk3
ςςςςgreek small letter final sigma, U+03C2 ISOgrk3
σσσσgreek small letter sigma, U+03C3 ISOgrk3
ττττgreek small letter tau, U+03C4 ISOgrk3
υυυυgreek small letter upsilon, U+03C5 ISOgrk3
φφφφgreek small letter phi, U+03C6 ISOgrk3
χχχχgreek small letter chi, U+03C7 ISOgrk3
ψψψψgreek small letter psi, U+03C8 ISOgrk3
ωωωωgreek small letter omega, U+03C9 ISOgrk3
ϑϑϑϑgreek small letter theta symbol, U+03D1 NEW
ϒϒϒϒgreek upsilon with hook symbol, U+03D2 NEW
ϖϖϖϖgreek pi symbol, U+03D6 ISOgrk3
General Punctuation
••bullet = black small circle, U+2022 ISOpub
bullet is NOT the same as bullet operator, U+2219
……horizontal ellipsis = three dot leader, U+2026 ISOpub
′′prime = minutes = feet, U+2032 ISOtech
″″double prime = seconds = inches, U+2033 ISOtech
‾‾overline = spacing overscore, U+203E NEW
⁄⁄fraction slash, U+2044 NEW
Letterlike Symbols
℘℘script capital P = power set = Weierstrass p, U+2118 ISOamso
ℑℑblackletter capital I = imaginary part, U+2111 ISOamso
ℜℜblackletter capital R = real part symbol, U+211C ISOamso
™™trade mark sign, U+2122 ISOnum
ℵℵalef symbol = first transfinite cardinal, U+2135 NEW
alef symbol is NOT the same as hebrew letter alef, U+05D0 although the same glyph could be used to depict both characters
←←leftwards arrow, U+2190 ISOnum
↑↑upwards arrow, U+2191 ISOnum
→→rightwards arrow, U+2192 ISOnum
↓↓downwards arrow, U+2193 ISOnum
↔↔left right arrow, U+2194 ISOamsa
↵↵downwards arrow with corner leftwards = carriage return, U+21B5 NEW
⇐⇐leftwards double arrow, U+21D0 ISOtech
ISO 10646 does not say that lArr is the same as the 'is implied by' arrow but also does not have any other character for that function. So ? lArr can be used for 'is implied by' as ISOtech suggests
⇑⇑upwards double arrow, U+21D1 ISOamsa
⇒⇒rightwards double arrow, U+21D2 ISOtech
ISO 10646 does not say this is the 'implies' character but does not have another character with this function so ? rArr can be used for 'implies' as ISOtech suggests
⇓⇓downwards double arrow, U+21D3 ISOamsa
⇔⇔left right double arrow, U+21D4 ISOamsa
Mathematical Operators
∀∀for all, U+2200 ISOtech
∂∂partial differential, U+2202 ISOtech
∃∃there exists, U+2203 ISOtech
∅∅empty set = null set = diameter, U+2205 ISOamso
∇∇nabla = backward difference, U+2207 ISOtech
∈∈element of, U+2208 ISOtech
∉∉not an element of, U+2209 ISOtech
∋∋contains as member, U+220B ISOtech
should there be a more memorable name than 'ni'?
∏∏n-ary product = product sign, U+220F ISOamsb
prod is NOT the same character as U+03A0 'greek capital letter pi' though the same glyph might be used for both
∑∑n-ary sumation, U+2211 ISOamsb
sum is NOT the same character as U+03A3 'greek capital letter sigma' though the same glyph might be used for both
−−minus sign, U+2212 ISOtech
∗∗asterisk operator, U+2217 ISOtech
√√square root = radical sign, U+221A ISOtech
∝∝proportional to, U+221D ISOtech
∞∞infinity, U+221E ISOtech
∠∠angle, U+2220 ISOamso
∧∧logical and = wedge, U+2227 ISOtech
∨∨logical or = vee, U+2228 ISOtech
∩∩intersection = cap, U+2229 ISOtech
∪∪union = cup, U+222A ISOtech
∫∫integral, U+222B ISOtech
∴∴therefore, U+2234 ISOtech
∼∼tilde operator = varies with = similar to, U+223C ISOtech
tilde operator is NOT the same character as the tilde, U+007E, although the same glyph might be used to represent both
≅≅approximately equal to, U+2245 ISOtech
≈≈almost equal to = asymptotic to, U+2248 ISOamsr
≠≠not equal to, U+2260 ISOtech
≡≡identical to, U+2261 ISOtech
≤≤less-than or equal to, U+2264 ISOtech
≥≥greater-than or equal to, U+2265 ISOtech
⊂⊂subset of, U+2282 ISOtech
⊃⊃superset of, U+2283 ISOtech
note that nsup, 'not a superset of, U+2283' is not covered by the Symbol font encoding and is not included. Should it be, for symmetry? It is in ISOamsn
⊄⊄not a subset of, U+2284 ISOamsn
⊆⊆subset of or equal to, U+2286 ISOtech
⊇⊇superset of or equal to, U+2287 ISOtech
⊕⊕circled plus = direct sum, U+2295 ISOamsb
⊗⊗circled times = vector product, U+2297 ISOamsb
⊥⊥up tack = orthogonal to = perpendicular, U+22A5 ISOtech
⋅⋅dot operator, U+22C5 ISOamsb
dot operator is NOT the same character as U+00B7 middle dot
Miscellaneous Technical
⌈⌈left ceiling = apl upstile, U+2308 ISOamsc
⌉⌉right ceiling, U+2309 ISOamsc
⌊⌊left floor = apl downstile, U+230A ISOamsc
⌋⌋right floor, U+230B ISOamsc
⟨〈left-pointing angle bracket = bra, U+2329 ISOtech
lang is NOT the same character as U+003C 'less than' or U+2039 'single left-pointing angle quotation mark'
⟩〉right-pointing angle bracket = ket, U+232A ISOtech
rang is NOT the same character as U+003E 'greater than' or U+203A 'single right-pointing angle quotation mark'
Geometric Shapes
◊◊lozenge, U+25CA ISOpub
Miscellaneous Symbols
♠♠black spade suit, U+2660 ISOpub
black here seems to mean filled as opposed to hollow
♣♣black club suit = shamrock, U+2663 ISOpub
♥♥black heart suit = valentine, U+2665 ISOpub
♦♦black diamond suit, U+2666 ISOpub
Special characters for HTML
C0 Controls and Basic Latin
""""quotation mark = APL quote, U+0022 ISOnum
&&&&ampersand, U+0026 ISOnum
&lt;<&#60;<less-than sign, U+003C ISOnum
&gt;>&#62;>greater-than sign, U+003E ISOnum
Latin Extended-A
&OElig;Œ&#338;Œlatin capital ligature OE, U+0152 ISOlat2
&oelig;œ&#339;œlatin small ligature oe, U+0153 ISOlat2
ligature is a misnomer, this is a separate character in some languages
&Scaron;Š&#352;Šlatin capital letter S with caron, U+0160 ISOlat2
&scaron;š&#353;šlatin small letter s with caron, U+0161 ISOlat2
&Yuml;Ÿ&#376;Ÿlatin capital letter Y with diaeresis, U+0178 ISOlat2
Spacing Modifier Letters
&circ;ˆ&#710;ˆmodifier letter circumflex accent, U+02C6 ISOpub
&tilde;˜&#732;˜small tilde, U+02DC ISOdia
General Punctuation
&ensp;&#8194;en space, U+2002 ISOpub
&emsp;&#8195;em space, U+2003 ISOpub
&thinsp;&#8201;thin space, U+2009 ISOpub
&zwnj;&#8204;zero width non-joiner, U+200C NEW RFC 2070
&zwj;&#8205;zero width joiner, U+200D NEW RFC 2070
&lrm;&#8206;left-to-right mark, U+200E NEW RFC 2070
&rlm;&#8207;right-to-left mark, U+200F NEW RFC 2070
&ndash;&#8211;en dash, U+2013 ISOpub
&mdash;&#8212;em dash, U+2014 ISOpub
&lsquo;&#8216;left single quotation mark, U+2018 ISOnum
&rsquo;&#8217;right single quotation mark, U+2019 ISOnum
&sbquo;&#8218;single low-9 quotation mark, U+201A NEW
&ldquo;&#8220;left double quotation mark, U+201C ISOnum
&rdquo;&#8221;right double quotation mark, U+201D ISOnum
&bdquo;&#8222;double low-9 quotation mark, U+201E NEW
&dagger;&#8224;dagger, U+2020 ISOpub
&Dagger;&#8225;double dagger, U+2021 ISOpub
&permil;&#8240;per mille sign, U+2030 ISOtech
&lsaquo;&#8249;single left-pointing angle quotation mark, U+2039 ISO proposed
lsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized
&rsaquo;&#8250;single right-pointing angle quotation mark, U+203A ISO proposed
rsaquo is proposed but not yet ISO standardized
&euro;&#8364;euro sign, U+20AC NEW